How to Make Great Dirt
Composting BenefitsBenefits to composting include but are not limited to:
- Learning. By creating a composting pile in your backyard you can educate your kids and neighbors about the neat microscopic process that is happening in the soil.
- Less waste. The average American households rubbish is commonly made up of 30 to 60% of materials that could be composted. This means less space needed for landfills, because food waste is unable to decompose in landfill conditions
- Plant nutrition. Plants that are treated to compost will thrive in this high nutrient dirt.
Getting StartedFirst, you are going to need a bin to store all of the compost that hasn't reached that rich dirt stage you are striving for. You can go to your local hardware store, buy one on the Internet, or even create your own! Feel free to utilize resources provided by:
- Distance. Composting is easy and you should keep it that way. Place your bin somewhere easy to get to for maximum convenience.
- Good drainage. Make sure your compost will not be sitting in mud. This will make the pile too wet and can create a smell. Choose a spot that becomes dry relatively quickly after rain.
- Shade. Compost likes shady areas. This doesn't mean the pile must be in the dark at all times but constant direct sunlight is not ideal.
Ratio MattersWhen adding materials to your compost you have to keep in mind a very important ratio of brown items (dead leaves, newspaper ect.) to green ingredients (food waste, grass clippings ect.). The brown items are Carbon - rich materials and the green ingredients are Nitrogen - rich materials.
The Ideal Ratio = 2 Brown : 1 GreenTo create good compost you need to have a good ratio of carbon (brown) to nitrogen (green). If you have too much carbon in your pile then you will slow down the decomposition process. If there is too much nitrogen in your compost then the pile will begin to smell. For best results layer these nutrients when adding them to your compost pile.
When adding food scraps keep in mind that the smaller the material the faster it will decompose into nutritious soils. Many people use a blender to chop up food but a cutting board and a knife will do just fine as well.
||Chopped Up Fruit Scraps
||Chopped Up Vegetable Scraps
||Egg Shells (Rinsed)
||Food Scraps (No Animal Products)
Yard debris such as sticks, branches and large quantities of leaves that out weigh your own composting needs should be taken to Ramsey County Yard Waste Sites. Use the link to learn more and find your nearest location.
See these resources and guides to backyard composting:
- Compost bins or rain barrels are available each Spring through the Recycling Association of Minnesota.
- Hennepin County